How couples can manage their finances without falling out
The flowers have arrived, the expensive restaurant is booked and everything’s looking rosy on the romance front – until the state of your finances rears its ugly head.
Discussing money may seem the perfect way to put a dampener on that rose-tinted future, but couples should carefully consider how they deal with their finances, advises financial journalist Paul Lewis, long-time presenter of BBC Radio 4’s Money Box.
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“Costs are going up and wages aren’t keeping pace with them, so people are genuinely finding themselves in bigger debt,” says the broadcaster and author of the radio show’s eponymous new tie-in book, which delves into all of this and more.
“Mortgages will be going up for millions of people this year as their fixed rate comes to an end, and that will put a further strain on people who’ve bought a house or a flat and are finding it hard at the moment.”
So, what advice would Lewis share for those looking for love or taking the next step in their relationship?
“There’s a lot of fraud on dating apps,” says Lewis. “I’m not against dating apps – people I’m close to have found their perfect partner on them – but you have to be careful because there is a lot of fraud, and if you start an online relationship with someone who then asks you for money, just say no, it’s a con.”
Moving in together
What about taking that step to live together? “If you think you’ve met the love of your life and you want to move in together, money’s possibly the last thing on your mind, but you do have to be careful,” says Lewis.
“When you are just cohabiting – when you’re not married/in a civil partnership – you have absolutely no financial rights with regard to the other person. It’s slightly different in Scotland, in that you have some rights, although they are not as strong as they might be.”
He explains in the book: “So when your unofficial arrangement comes to an end for whatever reason, you cannot claim support, half the TV, the second car (assuming you have a first) or a share of your partner’s money, pension or house in the Algarve. Unless you bought them, of course, in which case they are yours, yours, yours.”
If you have a joint mortgage, and joint property, then you each have a half of it, but that’s only if it’s done legally as a joint property, he explains. “But if they’ve bought it and it’s under their name, it doesn’t matter if you’ve lived with them for 20 years and have six babies, you have no rights to that property.
“I’m not saying that everybody should get married, but marriage protects you from all that,” Lewis adds. “It gives you rights when a relationship ends and, indeed, if the other person dies.”
Beware of economic abuse
“This has been going on for generations but has only come to light fairly recently. It’s usually done by the economically stronger person to the economically weaker person – and normally it’s done by men to women,” Lewis explains.
“One partner tries to stop the other partner from having or getting any financial independence – it’s financial bullying, if you like. You very often see it when they try to discourage you from going to work or getting a job or a better job.
“They may use children, saying, ‘Why don’t you look after the children, as it’s much easier?’ – which means you become financially a much weaker person in the relationship, which makes it much harder to leave if it goes wrong.
“If you think you or one of your friends is in an abusive relationship financially, there’s a charity called Surviving Economic Abuse (survivingeconomicabuse.org) which may be able to help.”
“I think it’s important if you are having a relationship with someone that there are joint expenses, like the energy bills, food bills, going out bills and holidays. My advice is have your own money paid into your own account – so if you work, (get) benefits or whatever, that goes into your account separately. Then have a joint account for your joint expenses, work out what you have to pay into it every month and make that a regular transfer into that account,” says Lewis.
“If there’s anything left in your own account, then that’s your money. So, if your partner wants to spend a lot of money on a football match and you don’t like football, then that’s up to them because it’s their money. Similarly, you can do what you want.”
However, be aware that either one of you can remove all the cash from the joint account without the other’s consent, he warns.
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— BBC Money Box (@Moneybox) January 12, 2023
What if you enter joint debt?
“If you enter a debt with someone – maybe you take out a joint mortgage or joint loan – always remember that you both owe all that money. That means that if your relationship ends and the other person just disappears, you will owe all of it, not half of it,” Lewis cautions.
“And if you’ve got a job and the other person hasn’t, then even if the lender knows where the other person is, they won’t bother with them because you’ve got the job, so they will come to you for the money. Joint debt can be a difficult problem when a relationship ends and I would always say to people, try to avoid it.”
Claim your tax allowances
Lewis explains: “Many people don’t claim the tax allowances that they can. Marriage allowance is useful if you’re married or civil partnered, and one of you works and the other earns too little to pay income tax. The one who doesn’t [earn] can move some of their [personal] tax-free allowance to the one who does work, which will cut their tax by up to £252 a year. Find out more on the gov.uk website.”